Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar (glucose)levels are high due to the defect in the insulin secretion.
Our body needs energy.When we eat food it is turned into glucose or sugar.This is absorbed into the cells of our body with the help of insulin.Insulin is an enzyme produced by the pancreas to control the blood glucose levels.
Generally, Insulin lowers the blood glucose levels.when blood glucose levels elevate pancreas releases insulin to normalize glucose by promoting to body cells.
When there is a problem in Insulin secretion or its action it leads to diabetes.
If you can diagnose early you can better be out of risk.
Here is the list of Symptoms of Diabetes
2. Weight Loss
3.Nausea and Vomiting
5.Slow healing of cuts, wounds and Sores.
Types of Diabetes.
1.Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes the body doesn’t produce insulin.with the help of medication and insulin therapy it will be controlled.
we can commonly see type 1 diabetes in children and young adults.Only 5% of the diabetic population have this type of diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), about 1.25 million Americans have type 1 diabetes and estimated 40000 people will be newly diagnosed every year in U.S
2.Type 2 Diabetes
IT is the most common form of diabetes.
In Type 2 Diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called Insulin Resistance.
As your body cells cant use the glucose from the bloodstream it increases the glucose levels causing diabetes.
There is no cure for Type 2 Diabetes but it can be managed with a proper diet, exercise and prescribed medication.
Women with high blood glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy are said to have Gestational Diabetes.These women may not have diabetes before.
During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones which help the baby growth.But these hormones resist the insulin action.
Insulin Resistance leads to high blood sugar(glucose) levels leading to Gestational Diabetes.
When People have blood sugar(glucose) levels higher than normal but not yet high enough as diabetes is considered as prediabetic.
A person with prediabetes is tended to develop type 2 diabetes if not taken care.But for some people, an early check can reverse the condition to normal.
Till now you have seen the symptoms and types of diabetes, now you are going to understand several ways to diagnose diabetes.
There are different types of tests to diagnose diabetes.
2.Fasting Plasma Glucose(FBG).
3.Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.
4.Random Plasma Glucose Test.
Different types of Diagnosis
|A1C||Less than 5.7%||5.7% to 6.4%||6.5 % or Higher|
|Fasting bloodglucose(FBG)||Less than 100mg/dl||100mg/dl to 125mg/dl||126mg/dl or higher|
|Oral Glucose Tolerance Test(OGTT)||Less than 140md/dl||140md/dl to 199mg/dl||200mg/dl or higher|